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Please read each question and select your answer from the choices provided. You must complete all of the questions in order to view your results. At the end of each exam, you have the option to e-mail your results to your instructor.

1:  When using topographic anatomy, the patient's wrist is _______ to the hand but _______ to the elbow.
A: proximal, distal
B: distal, proximal
C: lateral, medial
D: inferior, superior

2:  Abduction is defined as:
A: bending of a joint.
B: straightening of a body part.
C: motion away from the midline.
D: motion toward the midline.

3:  The portion of the thorax that is anterior and midline is referred to as the:
A: manubrium.
B: xiphoid process.
C: sternum.
D: all of the above.

4:  The diaphragm fulfills all of the following functions except:
A: It divides the abdomen from the thorax.
B: It contracts to allow air to be drawn into the lungs.
C: It provides a palpable division between body cavities.
D: It forces air out during relaxation.

5:  Smooth muscle can be found in the following location in the body:
A: The intestines
B: The thigh
C: The heart
D: The brain

6:  The primary level the brain stem uses to control respirations is the level of:
A: oxygen in the blood stream.
B: carbon dioxide in the blood stream.
C: nitrogen in the blood stream.
D: all of the above.

7:  The blood vessel that returns to the heart with oxygen-rich blood is the:
A: pulmonary artery.
B: pulmonary vein.
C: vena Cava.
D: aorta.

8:  The chamber of the heart that is most muscular is the:
A: right atrium.
B: right ventricle.
C: left atrium.
D: left ventricle.

9:  The cranial nerves are a part of which nervous system?
A: Connective nervous system
B: Central nervous system
C: Motor nervous system
D: Peripheral nervous system

10:  The brain controls the body through the endocrine system by:
A: sending electrical impulses to the body.
B: inhibiting the absorption of oxygen.
C: controlling the release of hormones.
D: stimulating the release of enzymes.

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