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Please read each question and select your answer from the choices provided. You must complete all of the questions in order to view your results. At the end of each exam, you have the option to e-mail your results to your instructor.

1:  Which of the following is not true regarding ways to help reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths?
A: Early access
B: Increased number of laypeople trained in CPR
C: c. Having nitroglycerine available for laypeople and EMTs to give on arrival
D: Public access defibrillation

2:  Chest pain or discomfort that is related to the heart usually stems from a condition called ischemia or:
A: high blood pressure.
B: insufficient red blood cells.
C: insufficient oxygen.
D: low blood pressure.

3:  An acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a classic heart attack. Infarction means:
A: death of tissue
B: irregular heart beat
C: insufficient oxygen mixing with the blood
D: collapse of blood vessels in and around the heart

4:  Heart attack has three serious consequences, which of the following is not one of the three?
A: Sudden death
B: Ventricular arrhythmia
C: Cardiogenic shock
D: Congestive heart failure

5:  Generally speaking, most patients with chest pain should be transported:
A: immediately.
B: after the administration of medications.
C: only by ALS ambulance.
D: only after a full, focused physical exam, including SAMPLE and OPQRSTU.

6:  If a pacemaker does not function properly, as when the battery wears out, the patient may experience syncope, presenting with a pulse less than:
A: 60 beats per minute.
B: 40 beats per minute.
C: 30 beats per minute.
D: 20 beats per minute.

7:  With the use of an AED, when an error occurs it is usually the operator's fault. The most common error is:
A: not turning the AED on.
B: not removing the AED from its case.
C: not having a charged battery.
D: not having cords that are long enough.

8:  Pick the four links of the "chain of survival" in their correct order.
A: Early CPR; early defibrillation; early access; early advanced care
B: Early access; early CPR; early defibrillation; early advanced care
C: Early access; early defibrillation; early CPR; early advanced care
D: Early advanced care; early access; early CPR; early defibrillation

9:  If you are transporting a patient while performing CPR, before you can use an AED in the ambulance you must:
A: get permission from medical control.
B: turn on and check the AED.
C: notify the receiving hospital that you will be using an AED.
D: stop the vehicle.

10:  If you are en route with a conscious adult patient who is having chest pain and becomes unconscious, the first step is to:
A: check respirations.
B: check for a pulse.
C: stop the vehicle immediately.
D: get medical control permission to use the AED.

Optional: Enter your name and your instructor's E-mail address to have your results E-mailed to him or her.
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