Online Pretest for Chapter 10 - General Pharmacology
A dose of medication can be defined as the:
effect that the medication has.
amount of medication that is given.
route of administration of the medication.
amount of side effects that the medication causes.
Which of the following statements about routes of administration is FALSE?
Intravenous means into the vein.
Intramuscular means into the muscle.
Transdermal means through the skin.
Subcutaneous means on the skin.
A patient generally should NOT be given a tablet to swallow in an emergency because:
most patients can not swallow in an emergency.
most patients are unconscious in an emergency.
medication taken by mouth takes longer to be absorbed.
the digestive system might not work properly in an emergency.
A metered-dose inhaler will:
not be absorbed properly if given after a meal.
spray a premeasured amount of medication into the lung.
vary the amount of medication dispensed, depending on "need."
record the amount of medication dispensed in a digital readout.
Which of the following medications may be carried in the ambulance?
Which of the following statements about activated charcoal is TRUE?
It tastes sweet naturally.
It works by diluting the poison.
It should be given to all patients believed to be poisoned.
It works by binding the poison to the surface of the charcoal.
Emergency treatment of a patient who has low blood sugar should include giving glucose:
by deep intramuscular injection.
by mucous membrane if the patient is unconscious.
by mouth or mucous membrane if the patient is conscious.
Which of the following statements about administering medication to a patient is TRUE?
It is best for a patient to take nitroglycerin while standing.
You may help a patient with asthma to use a friend's inhaler.
You may help a patient with asthma to use a prescribed inhaler.
Epinephrine should not be given by injection to a patient with a bee sting.
Epinephrine is used to treat an allergic reaction because it:
acts like histamine.
reverses the effects of antihistamines.
causes a release of substances that constrict the lungs.
dilates the airway and causes of constriction of blood vessels.
How often can the dose of nitroglycerin be repeated?
Every 3 minutes.
Every 5 minutes.
Once an hour.
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